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Science and Mathematics

Chemistry Faculty Candidate: Design Principles for Sustainable Chemistry – from Biomass to Renewable Biofuel and Biomaterials

January 21, 2020 at 4:00pm5:00pm

Center for Science and Technology (CST), 0-019

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Seonah Kim, Ph.D., from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is a candidate for a faculty position in the Department of Chemistry, part of the cluster hiring initiative in the BioInspired Institute.

Abstract: The overarching goal of our group is to develop new methods to extract sustainable fuels and chemicals from plants. Our approach has been to develop and apply computational tools to both biological and chemical conversion processes as part of an iterative ‘model-validate-predict’ design process for de novo catalysts.

With its high carbon and hydrogen content, lignocellulosic biomass presents an alternative to petroleum as a nearly carbon-neutral precursor to upgraded liquid fuels. I will present some representative results in designing new catalysts for biological and chemocatalytic processes of biomass.

Our group has introduced a “Fuel property first” design approach to reduce emissions and increase performance. Traditional approaches for developing these mechanistic models require many years for each new molecule, a pace that is poorly suited to the large-scale search for new bioderived blendstocks. We have developed a quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) model for sooting tendency based on the experimental yield sooting index (YSI), developed by collaborators at Yale (Prof. L. Pfefferle and Dr. C. McEnally).  This is the first fuel property predictive tool using ML (Machine Learning) approaches in combustion research. We have started to build kinetic mechanisms of soot precursor formation during combustion using DFT and flow reactor experiments (collaboration with Dr. R. McCormick, NREL) to show how the fundamental chemistry affects this practical engineering problem.

Refreshments before the seminar at 3:45 pm.

This event was published on January 13, 2020.

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